The Potala Palace is situated on the Red Mountain in the city of Lhasa, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. It is the highest ancient palace in Tibet and the world, and the largest and most complete ancient palace complex comprising palaces, castles, and monasteries.
The Potala Palace, regarded as the symbol of Tibet, made up of the White and Red Palaces with their ancillary buildings. This 13-stories-high palace has over 1,000 rooms and covers over 13 hectares. It was the winter palace of the Dalai Lamas from 1649 to 1959. The Potala Palace is regarded as the first must-see attraction in Tibet by tourists. Climbing the steps of the Potala Palace up to the top, you can see the stunning scenery of Lhasa and the beautiful plateau landscape in the distance.
Potala Palace History
The Potala Palace was built in the 7th century and has a history of 1,300 years. At the beginning of the 7th century, after Srongtsen Gampo moved to Lhasa, he built a nine-story building with a thousand palaces on the Red Mountain, and named it Potala Palace.
Potala Palace is included the UNESCO World Heritage List.
After the demise of the Tubo Kingdom, the Potala Palace was almost destroyed by constant wars and natural disasters. The size of the Potala Palace has been shrinking until the most important reconstruction started in the 17th century. In 1645, the Fifth Dalai Lama decided to rebuild Potala Palace, as he got help from the Qing Dynasty. The construction had lasted for several years. Since the Fifth Dalai Lama, the successors continued to expand the Potala Palace, it finally became today’s scale.
In 1994, the Potala Palace was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In August 2015, the Regulations on Potala Palace Cultural Heritage Protection was officially issued, since then, it has been treasured better.
Potala Palace Highlights
Potala Palace has many things worth seeing: the unique architectural style, the beautiful murals inside the palace, the exquisite artworks and various kinds of religious treasures, etc. Wandering in the Potala Palace, you will enjoy getting lost in the splendid Tibet history.
The White Palace
The White Palace once was home to the Dalai Lamas, and also served as the office building of Tibet local government. The white wall symbolizes peace. The original White Palace was built during the lifetime of the Fifth Dalai Lama, he and the government moved into it in 1649. Finally, it was extended to its size today by the thirteenth Dalai Lama in the early twentieth century. The seventh floor of the White Place is the living quarters of Dalai Lama. It consists of two parts named the east sunlight hall and the west sunlight hall, because of the plentiful sunshine. The fifth and sixth floors are used as the living quarters and offices. Major events at the Potala Palace are held on the fourth floor.
The white palace in Potala Palace.
The Red Palace
The Red Palace is located in the central part of the Potala Palace. It is completely devoted to religious study and Buddhist prayer. The exterior wall of the Red Palace is red, which indicates stateliness and power. The Red Palace includes several halls and chapels. The west hall with beautiful murals painted on its inner walls is the largest hall of the Potala Place. Several mausoleums of previous Dalai Lamas are kept in the Red Palace.
The Golden Roof Group
The golden roof group is a unique view of the Potala Palace. It's on the top of the Red Palace and made up of seven roofs made of gilded bronze. They are the top of the Dalai Lama's holy tower. Every golden roof is decorated with flower-and-bell-shaped spires as lightning rods.
The golden roof group is a unique view of the Potala Palace.
Exquisite Artworks and Religious Treasures
The murals, paintings and sculptures of the Potala Palace are unique, showing the fine traditions and high artistic achievements of the ancient Tibetan people's architectural art.
The walls of all the palaces, temples and corridors of the Potala Palace are painted with murals. The murals have a wide range of subjects, including historical figures and stories, religious myths, Buddhistic stories, folklores, sports, entertainments and so on. Those murals have a high historical and artistic value.
Apart from murals, you can also find a huge number of exquisite Tangkas. "Tangka" is one of the most Tibetan-style paintings. It framed by colored satin, and painted on silk, cloth or paper. It mainly tells about the Tibet history events, religious figures, and Buddhist doctrines.
The sculpture art of the Potala Palace combines different Buddhist art techniques of the Chinese, India and Nepal. A large number of sculptures are kept in the Potala palace, including clay sculptures, wood carvings, stone carvings, and metal statues.
Besides, there are also a lot of handicrafts with strong religious overtone and Tibetan art style, such as Tibetan carpets, prayer flags, and drapery.
Best Places to Take Picture of Potala Palace
You can take some excellent pictures of Potala Palace from different spots. The following are several best sits to take picture of Potala Palace.
Chakpori Hill, also called Yaowang Mountain, is widely regarded as the best place to take pictures of Potala Palace. Chakpori Hill is located at the southwest of Potala Palace, just a few minutes’ walk from the west gate of the palace. It is the best place to shoot the Potala Palace under sunrise or sunset. The best time is in the early morning, as you can take a picture of the Potala Palace irradiated by the first rays of the sun.
Take a Potala Palace picture in Chakpori Hill.
Walking a road rimming the west foot of the Chakpori Hill, soon you will see a temple standing on the hillside. This is the Palubuk Monastery. It has a long history of over 1200 years. You can shoot the wonderful Potala Palace images on the top floor of the temple.
Potala Palace Square
Potala Palace Square, as the highest square in the world, is the best place to take a full view of Potala Palace. You could also take the picture of the local Tibetans who are taking kora in the Potala Palace Square.
Take a picture in Potala Palace Square.
Zongjiao Lukang Park
Zongjiao Lukang Park, also called Dragon Lake Park, is located adjacent to Potala Palace. It's also the best resort for local people. You can get closer contact with locals in the Zongjiao Lukang Park. Here you can take the best picture of the inverted reflection of Potala Palace from the Lake.
The Lalu wetland reserve is the largest and highest natural wetland in Tibet, covering 6.2 square kilometers. Lalu wetland provides a perfect inhabit for diverse faunas and floras. The solemn Potala Palace and beautiful natural landscape constitute a picturesque landscape for you to snap awesome photos.
Jokhang Temple, located in the center of Lhasa, is a good place to witness the Buddhist culture and atmosphere. It is not only the earliest wooden architecture in Tibet but also the most glorious building during the Tupo Kingdom period. Standing on the roof of Jokhang Monastery, you can see the stunning view of Potala Palace.
Take a Potala Palace picture in Jokhang Temple roof.
Theater of Princess Wencheng
The theater of princess Wencheng lies in the southern bank of Lhasa River, it is a good place to photograph the sunrise and sunset views of the southeast side of Potala Palace.
Useful Tips on Visiting Potala Place
1. Due to the high altitude, taking an overcoat even in summer days while visit Potala Palace, as it is a bit cold and damp in the hall.
2. The travel route here is set strictly. Visitors have to enter from the east main entrance.
3. The visit time is limited in 1 hour.
4. Any kind of liquid is not allowed, including beverages and mineral water, which yet can be purchased at a cost of CNY10 for one bottle at the hilltop.
5. Smoking is prohibited and cigarettes are not allowed to be taken into the Potala Palace.
6. Since Potala Palace is an important Buddhist site, tourists should be aware of the taboos of Tibetan Buddhism during the visit. Don't point your fingers at the statues; don't wear a hat or sunglasses; don't step on the doorsill.
7. No photos! Photography, video equipment, and other recording devices are not allowed, due to the sacred nature of the site and the relics held within the palace.
8. The only toilet is on the right side of the White Palace Square, and there is no restroom during the route of the rest time. The water closet is said to be distinctive and worth a try.
9. Please do not make any big moves while climbing the Potala Palace. The average altitude is above 3,700 meters, and is still a small challenge for some tourists.
10. If you want to have a better travel experience of Potala Palace, you can join our Lhasa tour. Our experienced Tibet tour consultant will help you arrange the best tour according to your need.
The Potala Palace will be one of the most extraordinary sights of your visit to Lhasa. It is not only an architectural wonder, but also a treasure house where you can see precious arts and experience Tibetan culture and history.